Team Software Process (TSP) comes in handy to offer operational procedures and strategies that assist engineers and managers organize projects effectively and produce quality software using disciplined software process methods. TSP is used in combination with personal software process (PSP) at individual and team levels. Organizations implemented TSP experience significant improvements in the overall quality of their software products. They also experience reduced schedule deviation.
The primary objective of TSP is creating a team environment that supports disciplined work while still building and maintaining a self-directed team. TSP guides a team in addressing essential business needs of schedule management, cycle-time reduction, effective quality management, and better cost management. It defines a product framework of customizable software processes and introduces strategies that include training for engineers and managers, building management sponsorship, automated tool support, mentoring, and coaching.
Team software process can be applied in all aspects of software development, that is requirements analysis and definition, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance. Additionally, TSP can also be used to support multidisciplinary teams ranging from a team of two engineers to a team of hundreds of engineers. It can also be used in developing different software products ranging from embedded real-time control systems to commercial client-server applications.
What Makes TSP Work?
Typical software projects tend to be late, difficult to track, over budget, and of poor quality. Software development teams often have unrealistic schedules and deadlines dictated to them. They’re required to use imposed standards, tools and process. They find themselves taking shortcuts to meet tight schedule pressures. Only a few teams can work successfully and consistently in such environments. As software systems become more complex such problems get worse than before. Moreover, teams have to consider customer desires, technical capability, and business needs.
To balance all these pressures and conflicting forces and handling software development projects a team has to be self-directed. A self-directed team should have these qualities:
- Understands product and business goals
- Produces their own plans for addressing the goals
- Makes their personal commitments
- Directs their own projects
- Consistently uses processes and methods that they select
- Manages quality.
Team software process builds and maintains self-directed teams. A successful self-directed team requires capable and skilled team members. Their commitment, discipline, and skills come together to produce high-quality software. Therefore, high-quality software products are a team effort. TSP creates an environment that supports disciplined and self-directed teamwork.